Thousands of Ballots Cast in Arizona 2020 Election without Proof of US Citizenship

In the 2020 presidential election, more than 5,600 votes cast in Arizona using federal-only voting procedures since voters were not needed to provide proof of U.S. citizenship.

In Arizona, there is a unique election system where citizens who can provide proof of their U.S. citizenship can cast ballots in all elections, but others can only do so in federal elections.

This means that some voters in Arizona have cast ballots without establishing their U.S. citizenship. Just the News discovered the oddity in the voting process.

Arizona law requires residents to provide documentation of their U.S. citizenship while registering to vote. In 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that Arizona could only accept U.S. voter registration forms for federal races because of federal requirements under the 1993 National Voter Registration Act.

As a result, the state now permits citizens to register to vote without presenting proof of citizenship for federal races.

Federal voter registration forms only demand a sworn declaration attesting to the voter’s citizenship in the United States.


An electoral system examines driver’s license data to confirm the citizenship of Arizonans who register to vote or change their registration.


Those without documentation are registered as “federal-only” voters and are not permitted to vote in state elections, according to the Associated Press.


Last year, counties in Arizona were required by law to verify the citizenship of voters who are federally only eligible by consulting multiple databases. If the petitioner is not a citizen of the United States, all federal petitions must be denied, and officials who willfully break the law risk criminal prosecution.


In July 2022, Arizona was sued by Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke of the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division, who said that the measure was a “textbook violation of the National Voter Registration Act.” Additionally, the agency claims that the act violates the 1964 Civil Rights Act.


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